Written by : Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS), also known as Intraductal Carcinoma, is a type of noninvasive or preinvasive cancer that starts in the cells of the ducts of the breasts and remains contained within the ducts. '
DCIS typically produces no symptoms. It is usually discovered on routine examination and appears as small clusters of irregular calcifications on a mammogram.
DCIS is generally considered to be Stage O of Invasive Ductal breast cancer since it is non-invasive.
All ductal breast carcinomas begin as DCIS. One in five DCIS lesions, if left untreated, will escape from the confines of the duct to become an invasive ductal cancer of the breast.
Some studies say that it can take 9 years to go from a single cell to an invasive lesion for the slowest growing lesions, 6 years for intermediate growing DCIS lesions, and 3 years for fast-growing DCIS lesions.
Symptoms of DCIS
Symptoms of Ductal Breast Cancer in situ
Grades of DCIS
DCIS is graded after pathological examination of the breast tissue obtained by biopsy. Grading depends on the presence of abnormal cells in the ducts and the degree of abnormality of the cells as compared to normal cells. It also depends on the stage of growth of the abnormal cells. There are three grades:
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