Assessment for Risks of Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Awareness

Written by : Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD

Breast cancer awareness can help a woman assess if they are at risk for invasive breast cancer.

The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool (BCRAT) is based on a statistical model known as the Gail Model, named after Dr. Mitchell Gail, Senior Investigator in the Biostatistics Branch of the NCI Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics The tool is meant for health personnel to help assess a women's risk of getting invasive breast cancer over a 5-year period of time and up to age 90 (lifetime risk). It also compares the woman's risk with the average risk for a woman of the same age.

As per the National Cancer Institute, the tool uses a woman's personal, medical and reproductive history and the history of breast cancer among her first-degree relatives (mother, sisters, daughters) to estimate absolute breast cancer risk - her chance or probability of developing invasive breast cancer in a defined age interval.

A number of risk factors are taken into account. These are:

Drawbacks of the Breast Cancer Assessment Tool

The Breast Cancer Assessment Tool is quite accurate as long as the drawbacks are kept in mind.

Other risk assessment tools for breast cancer :

The breast cancer assessment tols should be used with caution adn under direction of a medical personnel.

Previous: Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Next: Types of Breast Cancer