Written by : Dr.M.D.Mazumdar, MD
A mastectomy is a surgery in which the entire breast tissue together with the nipple, skin and some of the tissue overlying the chest muscles is removed. Sometimes, if the cancer is vey close to the chest wall or touching it, part of the chest muscles may also need to be removed. Mastectomy is the commonest type of breast surgery for cancer.
There are different types of mastectomy, depending on the degree of tissues excised. Sometimes, a double mastectomy in which both the breasts are removed may also be required.
The scar after a mastectomy may extend across the chest from the breastbone to the armpit.
A Mastectomy is done in :
Which patient needs which type of mastectomy?
It is appropriate for women with multiple or large areas of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). It is also done for women who need prophylactic mastectomies - that is, breast removal in order to prevent any possibility of breast cancer occurring.
Disadvantages of Mastectomy
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer